Saturday, 4 July 2015

WHEN NOT TO SHARE GRACE



Efe was eighteen years old when I met her for the first time while traveling on a bus to Lokoja North Central, Nigeria. She had bright eyes and was full of life but deep beneath the light skin and radiant face was a story of pain, bitterness and love.

On a visit to her house few years ago, I noticed an unusual tattoo on her wrist that got me curious and I asked “wetin de your hand sef” (what’s that on your hand?) And she replied “It’s a long story and I don’t want to talk about it anymore” as she opened the fridge at the corner of the living room.
As I settled down into the soft leather sofa with a glass of orange juice in front of me, Efe emerged from the kitchen, walked straight to me and asked why I was interested on the scorpion tattooed to her wrist and I simply told her I was scared of people with tattoos, she smiled and said “finish your drink and I will tell you everything”.
“About ten years ago after the death of my father, my mother took me to Aunty Evelyn her cousin in Gusau, Zamfara state, North West Nigeria. I was about 12 years old. Madam as Aunty Evelyn was called treated me very well; she changed my cloths and enrolled me at a private school few meters away from her house. My joy knew no bounds as I quickly settled into my new environment.
Aunty had a very big restaurant where she sold food and alcohol. The business was booming, and the men who came to eat or drink at our place will often give us money. Our restaurant was well organized, everyone of the over 20 girls knew what was expected of each of them, apart from the occasional girl quarrel everything was perfect, until the State Government
introduce the Sharia legal system (Islamic law).

The system brought about a sudden shut down of all premises where alcohol was sold. The alcohol business was the livewire of our restaurant; its ban completely crippled our business. For several months, we watched as our once bustling restaurant and bar became a warehouse for chairs and tables while Aunty became increasingly hostile as her business fortune dwindled.

One Friday afternoon, Aunty summoned a meeting and informed everyone that she was leaving town and closing the restaurant for good, this did not come to me as a surprise as I had previously heard her discussing with a lady over the phone about her plans to relocate.

Forty eight hours later, Aunty instructed the girls to pack, selecting twelve of them to make the trip with us while others returned to their families.
Fourteen of us including aunty left the city that night aboard a Mercedes 911 truck which carried all our belongings and headed for the garden city of Port Harcourt South of Nigeria. After a long
tortuous journey, we finally arrived a city bustling with life and littered with expatriate oil workers who had lots of petro dollars,

Aunty had secured the perfect environment to re-launch her
businesses I said to myself. Two days after our arrival, our sleep was disrupted by a loud bang
on our door, it was about 2 am in the morning and we were terrified, but our fear soon gave way as we heard the voice of Aunty

Evelyn asking all the girls to move to her room. As we stepped into her room, the sight of a middle aged woman in white cloth seating over a big black pot sent further shock waves down our spines. On noticing the fear on our faces, Aunty quickly calmed our nerves by introducing us one after the other to the lady who immediately proceeded with the ceremony.

One after the other, the girls took turn to swear the oath of allegiance to Aunty and Ohe, the goddess of the night. The consequence of violating the oath was slow and painful death.
When I woke up that morning, I realized my legs were swollen;my body was probably reacting to the concoction we had taken the previous night before the scorpion was tattooed to our wrists.

Nevertheless, I soon joined the girls to entertain the white men who had visited our lodge to welcome us to the city. The white men had lots of dollars, and always lavished gifts and money on any girl who goes the extra mile to satisfy their lust. As the years rolled by we slept with men of all shades and characters, remitting eighty percent of our proceeds to Aunty. The oil workers ensured we lacked nothing. Life was good or so we thought, until
Mene died.

Mene was my best friend, she had been sick for two days and suddenly died on the third, we had all expected her to pull through, but she never did.

Aunty did not allow us mourn as Mene was quickly buried at a nearby bush and life continued as if nothing had happened. It was Mene’s death that pushed me into deep reflections; I became
Lonely and depressed as I pondered over what had happened. Mene had disagreed with Aunty a few days earlier over the fees we remit. Could aunty have murdered my best friend? As wild thoughts ran through my mind, I started planning my escape, and with every passing day I dreamt of the day when I will be free from the clutches of the Ohe deity.

As I made my plans, I realized I would need some help if my dream was to become a reality, so I shared my plot with a fellow roommate Ada, who made me believe she also wanted out only to reveal my plans to Aunty.
I was in the market, buying food stuffs for the lodge when I received a text message from Ovie Aunty Evelyn’s former boyfriend that Ada had revealed my escape plans to Aunty. Straight up I knew I had to activate my plan ahead of schedule, going back to the lodge was not an option.
Armed with the money to buy food stuffs, I headed for the motor park. That day was the last time I saw Aunty.
I boarded a vehicle heading to Abuja Nigeria’s capital city. The journey was very smooth and we arrived Abuja some few minutes before midnight. As other passengers disappeared into the darkness I searched for a spot where I could lay my head till the next day.

As the cockcrow signaled the birth of a new day, I moved round the park in a bid to get familiar with my new environment which was already bustling with life as tea sellers and restaurants light up their fire place to prepare for the day’s business. As I moved round I stumbled on an advert at a restaurant within the park which read, Sales girl wanted; apply in person. That was my perfect opportunity, I applied immediately and started work same
day.
As night falls and the once bustling motor park goes quiet I and other workers spread our mats on the floor of the restaurant which also served as our bedroom at night. My new madam was kind tome and her business prospered under my watch. I never knew my HIV status until Victor proposed to me and we had to do some laboratory test as a pre requisite for the announcement of our wedding banns at our local church. Despite the fact that the result came back positive, Victor still went ahead and married me and today I have a son for him who is HIV negative, we received extensive counseling at the clinic when I tested positive and continued to receive support even after the birth of my son. Victor, my husband knew all I had gone through and was wiling to support me all through.

Today, I have my own restaurant, a bundle of joy as a son and a wonderful, caring and understanding husband. Heaven has been kind to me, Oche” As I left her apartment that evening, I recall the words of my mathematics teacher, Mr Rene, who said “every problem has a solution”


WHAT TO DO WHEN YOU ARE NOT SURE OF YOUR HIV STATUS



WHAT TO DO WHEN YOU ARE NOT
SURE OF YOUR HIV STATUS
Globally 9 out ten infected people do not know they carry the virus, this is disturbing because early detection in most cases is the difference between life and death.
                         The first question an individual must ask his or her self is:
Ø  What is my HIV status?
Ø  my previous status was negative, have I engaged in any risky behavior that could compromise my initial status?
Nearly everyone I know was afraid of the outcome on their first HIV test result, so if you are feeling scared, it is completely normal and not out of place. Knowing your HIV status is very important as it helps you to make the correct decisions about your life.
Another critical question is

Ø  When should I get tested?
Most people get tested for the very first time when they are about to get married, this is wrong! There is no guarantee that the results that came back negative before the wedding will not change after the six months window period. It is important for partners willing to pursue a relationship to discuss their HIV status before committing to the relationship.
Regular testing is a necessity for individuals having unprotected sex and for persons with multiple sexual partners.
So when you are not sure of your HIV status, the most intelligent thing to do is to walk into a testing Centre and get yourself tested.
WHAT TO DO WHEN YOUR TEST
RESULT IS POSITIVE
A HIV positive test result is not a death sentence, many HIV carriers are alive and doing very well decades after they tested positive. Advances in medical science has ensured that HIV positive individuals live a normal life as much as possible.
Most test centres have trained and qualified counsellors who will guide the individual on appropriate lifestyle changes to make where necessary.
Networking among HIV positive individuals have been shown to positively affect the lives of HIV carriers, these networking programmes have not only improved the quality of life among people living with HIV, it has also boosted self-determination and personal development of people living with the virus. Therefore getting involved with the activities of these groups will be highly beneficial to anyone who tested positive.

Taking drastic decision after testing positive can have devastating effects; it is therefore advised that persons who tested positive seek counsel before making major lifestyle changes.
WHAT TO DO WHEN YOUR TEST
RESULT IS NEGATIVE
When the result of a HIV test is negative, it is usually advised that the individual returns after some months for a repeat test. A repeat test is carried out to confirm the result of the initial test. The period between infection and the detection of antibodies within the blood stream is usually referred to as the Window period. During this period antibodies against the HIV virus are not detectable as such the test are usually negative.
A negative result after a confirmatory test does not mean the individual is immune to the virus, it only confirms the fact that the individual is not infected with the virus.Persons who tested negative should note that, it is their responsibility to ensure that they remain negative, as allowing any slip could be deadly. To remain negative you will find the following steps helpful
Ø  Avoid unprotected sex (Vaginal, Oral or Anal)
Ø  Avoid multiple sexual partners
Ø  Avoid injecting drug and illicit substances
Ø  Avoid contaminated sharp objects
Ø  Stay faithful to your partner
Ø  Go for medical checkup regularly
Ø  Discuss HIV before committing to a relationship
Ø  Seek counsel whenever in doubt about any issue.

Any information at your disposal that is not used is useless; it is our collective responsibility to ensure an AIDS free world.
Quote:
We all do better when we work together. Our differences do matter, but our common humanity matters more - Bill Clinton


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What is AIDS



What is AIDS?

AIDS stands for “Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome”. It is caused by the HIV virus which weakens the immune System (body’s defense mechanism) and makes a person susceptible to all kinds of infections.

How is HIV Transmitted?

HIV can be contracted by the following ways: During sexual intercourse with an infected person (vaginal,oral and anal).


             During transfusion of an infected blood
             By the use of contaminated and unsterilized sharp instruments such as syringes.
             From infected mother to child during pregnancy, child birth
             or breast feeding.


How is HIV not transmitted?

             HIV cannot be transmitted by
             Mosquito bites
             Handshake with an infected person
             Cloths
             Sharing toilet seats with an infected person
             Hugging an infected person
             Eating or playing with an infected person

HIV and mosquitoes

For an infectious agent to be transmitted by a mosquito from one person to another, it must remain viable inside the mosquito. This is however not true for the AIDS virus as the mosquitoes treats the virus as food which is digested along with the blood meal. 70 to 80% of HIV infected persons have undetectable virus particles in their blood. Calculations have shown that a mosquito that is interrupted while feeding on a HIV carrier circulating 1000 units of virus has a 1: 10 million probability of injecting a single unit to an HIV free recipient, that is to say an individual has to be bitten by 10 million mosquitoes that has begun feeding on a HIV carrier to be infected.
Furthermore, the mechanism utilized by mosquitoes during feeding
differs greatly from the mechanism employed by the drug user’s needle. This is because it delivers salivary fluid through one passage and draw blood up another as such the food canal is not flushed like a used needle and blood flow is unidirectional. In simple language mosquitoes do not transmit HIV.

HIV and Kissing

Although the risk of transmission is very low, the presence of sores or abrasions on the mouth could make that “simple kiss” deadly. This is because the virus is present in all body fluids although in varying concentration.

Diagnosis

This is usually carried out using immunochromatographic strips which determines the presence of the antibodies in the bloodstream (ELISA).This test is usually confidential and often requires the consent of the individual after proper counselling.Other methods include western blot and the use of the PCR machine.

Signs and Symptoms

When an individual is infected with the virus that does not imply that he or she has AIDS. The individual is simply HIV infected. AIDS which is the final stage of the infection has the following symptoms.

1. Prolong diarrhea
2. Oral thrush
3. Lymph gland enlargement
4. Persistent fever
5. Persistent cough
6. Skin infections
7. Unexplained weight loss


Phases
There are four phases of the infections,

Window period: This could last for about 3-6 months after-exposure to the virus. During this period laboratory diagnosis often
appear negative.

Healthy stage: During this period an individual appears healthy and may remain so for 3-10 years this is however dependent on nutrition and lifestyle.

Unhealthy stage: During this period the individual fall sick very often as the virus weakens the immune system.

Full blown AIDS: This is the final stage of the infection. It has duration of 12-24 months.

Prevention

The best and safest means of preventing HIV infection is ABSTINENCE from sexual intercourse for unmarried people and FAITHFULNESS among married couples.

Condom and HIV

Some researchers have argued that condoms do not prevent the transmission of HIV. Their argument is based on the size of the virus. They argue that because of the minute size of the virus (0.1 microns or 4 billionth of an inch) it could easily pass through the pores of the condom which is about 450 microns in size.
On the other hand, most researchers agree that since the virus is transmitted via a medium which cannot breach the integrity of the condom then condoms do prevent HIV transmission.

Nevertheless, it is generally agreed that a ruptured or leaking condom is a health risk that those who belong to the famous “I no fit hold body” club must face.

Whichever side of the divide you belong, it is advised that you fully explore the option of abstinence which is the safest means of prevention before resorting to condoms.

Microbicides

These are substances that will be available as creams, gels, films, suppositories or vaginal rings, which if applied vaginally have the ability to reduce the risk of HIV and STIs transmission during sexual intercourse. Some microbicides under development can also act as spermicide which kills sperm cells providing a relative contraceptive cover in the process.

Treatment and Cure

As a cure for AIDS continues to elude Scientists, Antiretroviral drugs continue to play a very important role in the treatment of AIDS patients, reducing the viral load and making treatment for opportunistic infections less complicated.
Despite claims both locally and internationally, a curative therapy does not appear to be in sight. However, the Pugnacious claim that sex with virgins can cure AIDS is the greatest deception of the 21stcentury.